Centre sets protocol to contain NiV spread
12 months ago TNN 0
In the wake of the second wave of Nipah outbreak in Kozhikode and Malappuram districts of Kerala, the Centre has suggested triage (order of urgency for patients) in such cases and establishment of dedicated isolation facilities besides strict infection control practices.
Majority of the cases were found to be having to do with contact with patients of Nipah virus. The Central teams recommended enlisting and daily follow-up of all ‘contacts’.
On Saturday, health minister JP Nadda reviewed the ground situation with the Kerala health minister and took stock of the public health measures in the affected areas.
The Centre has also deployed a multi-disciplinary team, led by Director of National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and including experts from NCDC, AIIMS and Safdarjung Hospital, in Kozikode. The team is constantly monitoring the situation and supporting the state health authorities in managing the outbreak.
“After reviewing the situation, the central team suggested triage of Nipah cases and establishment of dedicated isolation facilities in district and strict infection control practices,” the ministry said in a statement.
The virus, which has so far claimed 16 lives, is a newly emerging zoonosis (which is transmitted to humans from animals). The infection is spread mainly by fruit bats. Symptoms of the disease include breathing trouble, brain swelling, fever, headache, drowsiness, disorientation and delirium. A patient can slip into coma within 48 hours. It travels through direct contact with a patient. There is no vaccine for the virus yet and the main treatment for those infected is intensive supportive care, says the World Health Organisation.